Yeast infection occurs when conditions in the body become favourable for the fungus to grow and spread. Some of the factors that control the build-up of yeasts include the body’s defence systems such as the skin and salivary secretions, as well as competition from other microorganisms. However, when certain diseases or antibiotic therapies suppress the body’s defence systems, the fungus gets sufficient competitive advantage, leading to its build up and spreading.
Diagnosis of Vaginal Yeast Infection Most women have had a yeast infection at least once in their lives; in fact, half of them have had it more than once. The main symptom of the vaginal infection is itchiness; however, it is important to seek a medical diagnosis from a doctor to rule out other serious infections, and to get the right treatment. Other symptoms of vaginal yeast infection include pain during urination, a whitish vaginal discharge, soreness and swelling in the vulva, and pain during sexual intercourse.
Infection occurs when there is a change to the normal vaginal environment due to external and internal factors, triggering an overgrowth of microscopic fungus. Some of the causes of fluctuations in the acidic balance of the vagina include steroids, monthly periods, birth control pills, diabetes, antibiotics, pregnancy, moisture, and irritation.
Diagnosis of vaginal yeast infection involves culturing or microscopic examination. Additionally, a doctor reviews the patient’s history of sexually transmitted diseases, vaginal infections, and finally conducts a pelvic examination before issuing the appropriate medication.
Diagnosis of Oral Candidiasis Oral candidiasis or thrush is a fungal infection that occurs on the mucous membranes of the mouth or throat when there is overgrowth of Candida yeast. Under normal conditions, Candida yeasts inhabit the throat, mouth, and the entire gastrointestinal tract in small amounts; however, certain factors cause them to multiply and spread, resulting in infection. Some of the symptoms of oral thrush include plaque or white patches on the tongue, angular cheilitis, difficulty swallowing, sore throat, and soreness in the affected areas.
Diagnosis of Invasive Candidiasis Invasive candidiasis is a fungal infection caused by Candida yeast in the bloodstream, and is one of the most common bloodstream infections. The most common symptom of the condition is fever that does not clear after antibiotic medication. As the condition worsens, the infection spreads to other parts of the body or organs such as spleen, kidneys, bones, liver, joints, muscles, or eyes. Diagnosis of invasive candidiasis involves performing a blood culture.
It is important to seek a medical diagnosis of yeast infection to get the very best treatment.