1Department of Paediatrics, Uludag University Medical Faculty, Bursa, Turkey.
Systemic Candida infections are usually encountered as opportunistic infections in a setting of immunologic depression. Sepsis or arthritis due to Candida is not expected in healthy people. Epstein-Barr virus may infect B cells, but does not cause immunosuppression of any clinical significance. As far as we know, invasive non-albicans Candida infection complicating Epstein-Barr virus infection has not been reported in previously healthy children. In this report, two previously healthy children, one with sepsis due to Candida species and the other sepsis and arthritis due to Candida parapsilosis are described. Both patients were male and were aged 2 and 9 y. The diagnosis was confirmed by culture. Both children also had coincidental acute Epstein-Barr virus infection, confirmed by Epstein-Barr virus viral capside antigen-IgM. They were both cured with fluconazole given for 21 days and 48 days, respectively.